Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) is the state of India, which appear on the top most position in the Indian Map. Most of its regional area is covered by the Great Indian Himalayan Mountain. The state share its boundaries internally, with other northern states of India, such as Punjab and Himachal Pradesh, while neighborhood countries of India: Pakistan and People’s Republic of China bordered Jammu and Kashmir from outside of India.
Basically, there are 3 regions in which the entire state of Jammu and Kashmir is separated, namely Jammu, the Valley of Kashmir and Ladakh. All three regions have their different specialties and cultures. Jammu is known as winter capital of this state, and it also has a large number of shrines that become center of attraction of millions of Hindus every year’s winter. Kashmir’s awesome valleys and incredible mountainous landscapes brought this place the times of “Heaven of Earth”. While, Ladakh is also called as “Little Tibet”, as it has great influence of Buddhist culture and natural beauty of mountains just like Tibet.
There is a folk etymology behind the naming of Kashmir. The word Kashmir means a shrunken land in Sanskrit. However, Jammu was named after a local king- Raja Jambu Lochan, who is supposed to be the discoverer of Jammu, in 14th century BC.
History Of Jammu Kashmir
Maharaja Hari Singh was the king of Kashmir and some part of Jammu also comes under his Royal state. He had raised the throne of Kashmir in the year 1925 and remains the supremacy ruler at the end of East India Company’s rule over the Indian sub continental. In 1947, about 77% of the population of the Kashmir was Muslims, while the remaining population was contained most of the Kashmiri Pandit. On the independence of Indian Sub-continental, British government imposed a provision of partition of India. At that time his majesty Maharaja Hari Singh had the right to make any decision out of these three options: accede in India or Pakistan or became an independent nation itself, and he had chosen the first one to Accede in India.
The Instrument of Accession was signed by the king of Princely State of Jammu and Kashmir, on 26th October 1947, and on the next day it was approved by the Indian Governor General- Louis Mountbatten. After this official accession of Jammu and Kashmir Indian Military entered there for the banishment of Pakistani Army. However, there are still some Pakistani migrants, who are spreading terrorism in these beautiful natural heritages, because some of the Pakistani still wants Kashmir to be submerged into their Pakistan, which is impossible. This is the reason why the amazing region, unfortunately, witnessed several Indo-Pak wars, such as war of the year 1965, of 1971 and Kargil War of year 1999. Good thing about these wars was every time result goes in favor of India. Unfortunately, Jammu and Kashmir is the biggest target of foreign terrorism in India, but both Indo-Pak governments are working to maintain peace in these amazingly beautiful natural heritages of J&K.
Capital and Government
Srinagar is the capital of J&K and the largest city of the sates, as well. In winters, capital of the state shifts to Jammu, due to weather forecast of J&K. There are 22 districts and total 125 bicameral seats of Legislature. Narinder Nath Vohra is the governor of J&K, and Omar Abdullah is its Chief Minister.
In terms of land area, it is the 6th largest Indian state, with total area of 222,236 sq km, while according to the population, its rank is 18th with population density of 56 per km2 (2011). J&K has the Literacy of 66.7%, and its official languages are Kashmiri, Urdu and Dogari.
Jammu and Kashmir Tourism
Jammu and Kashmir is well known for its natural beauty, awesome valleys and landscapes. Every scene of the natural heritage of J&K is just picture perfect, and every place here is like heaven of the Earth. Valleys of Himalayan, boat riding in various lakes and rivers over here, and several famous mosques of J&K are the things that you shouldn’t miss in a visit of this state. Jhelum, Tawi, Chenab, Ravi and Indus are some of those rivers, which run across the state of J&K. J&K, are also famous for apples, several dry-fruits and manufacturing of Cricket-bats for domestic and international games.
Tourist spots in J&K
Jammu and Kashmir is full of tourist spots, as all three regions of the state have their own incredible places to visit. The capital- Srinagar itself has fabulous tourist spots such as Nagin Lake, Dal Lake, and Pari Mahal, and Shankaracharya Hill, fairy land, Tulip garden with the name of former Indian Prime Minister Mrs. Indira Gandi, Shalimar, Nishant and Mughal Gardens, along with several other historical mosques, lake and gardens. Kashmir also has other regions that have lots of tourist attractions like Gulmarg, Sonamarg, Mansar, Poonch, and Lamayuru and last but not the least, Pahalgam.
Well, Jammu also has the great Hindu pilgrim and one of the most Devine places in the world i.e. Vaishno Devi Mandir. This is the place, where every Hindu wants to visit at least once in his/her lifetime. This place is 36.7 km from the main city; even then thousands of Hindu Religious people daily come here for the worship of Goddess Vaishno Devi with bare feet.
Ladakh is the place of Indo Tibetan culture, along with this people can find good number of incredible tourist spots. Leh is one of the most prominent tourism destination places of Ladakh, along with Shey and Alchi. In Leh, Nubra Valley, Yama Adventures, Stok palace museum, Jama Majid & Royal Palace of Leh, Tibetan market and many other spots, which are gaining lots of tourism attraction from over the years.
Jammu Kashmir Map
GIven below are thumbnail images and tourist maps of Jammu and Kashmir. Hit on the images to view them in larger size.